MEANING

MOVEMENTS

DIAGRAM

Po‐Eun is the pseudonym of a loyal subject Chong Mong‐Chu (1400) who was a famous poet and whose poem "I would not serve a second master though I might be crucified a hundred times" is known to every Korean. He was also a pioneer in the field of physics. The diagram represents his unerring loyalty to the king and country towards the end of the Koryo Dynasty.

 

Chong, Mong‐Chu was born in 1337, at the time when the Koryo dynasty ruled the Korean peninsula.

At the age of 23 he took three different Civil Service literary examinations and received the highest marks possible on all three, and in 1367 he became an instructor in Neo‐Confucianism at Songgyungwan University whilst simultaneously holding a government position, and was a faithful public servant to King U.

The king had great confidence in his wide knowledge and good judgment, and so he participated in various national projects and his scholarly works earned him great respect in the Koryo court.

He was most knowledgeable about human behaviour, and visited China and Japan as a diplomat for the king, securing promises of Japanese aid in defeating pirates and managing to secure peace with Ming dynasty China in 1385.

He also founded an institute devoted to the theories of Confucianism. During the beginning of the eleventh century Mongol forces had advanced into China and the Korean peninsula, and by the year 1238 Koryo was fully under Mongol domination and would remain so for the next full century. The    Ming Dynasty in China had grown extremely powerful during the 14th century, however, and began to beat back the Mongol armies, so that by the 1350s Koryo had regained its independence, although China garrisoned a large number of troops in the north‐east of Koryo, effectively occupying part of the country.

General Yi, Sung‐Gae had grown in power and respect during the late 1370s and early 1380s, and many of Chong's contemporaries plotted to dethrone then‐King U and replace him with General Yi.

In 1388, General Yi, Sung‐Gae was ordered to use his armies to push the Ming armies out of the Korean peninsula. The general, however, was no fool. He realized the strength of the Ming forces when he came into contact with them at the Yalu River, and made a momentous decision that would alter the course of Korean history. Knowing of the support he enjoyed both from high‐ ranking government officials and the general populace, he decided to return to the capital, Kaesong, and secure control of the government instead of possibly destroying his army by attacking the Chinese.

Yi marched his army into the capital, defeated the forces loyal to the king (commanded by General Choi Yong) and removed the government, but did not ascend the throne right away.

King Gongyang and his family were sent into exile in 1392 (where they would later be secretly murdered), but Chong, Mong‐Chu faithfully supported the king, leading the opposition to Yi’s claim to the throne.

Chong was revered throughout Koryo, even by Yi himself, but he was seen to be an obstacle and as such had to be removed. Yi threw a party for him and afterward, on his way home, Chong was murdered by five men on the Sonjukkyo Bridge in Kaesong. This bridge has now become a national monument, and a brown spot on one of the stones is said to be a bloodstain of his which turns red when it rains.

The 474‐year‐old Koryo Dynasty effectively ended with the death of Chong, Mong‐Chu, and was followed by the Lee Dynasty. His noble death symbolises his faithful allegiance to the king.

He was honored in 1517, 125 years after his death, when he was canonised into the national academy alongside other Korean sages such as Yul‐Gok and Toi‐Gye.

 

Even if I may die, die a hundred times

Even if my skeleton may become dust and dirt, And whether my spirit may be there or not,

My single‐hearted loyalty to the lord will not change.

Chong, Mong‐Chu (Po‐Eun)

 

 

Ready Posture – Parallel Stance with a Heaven Hand

1. Move the left foot to B, forming a right L‐stance toward B while executing a middle guarding block to B with the forearm.

2. Pull the right foot to the left knee joint to form a left one‐leg stance toward D, at the same time lifting both fists while turning the face toward A.

3. Execute a pressing kick to A with the right foot keeping the position of the hands as they were in 2.

4. Lower the right foot to A to form a sitting stance toward D while executing a middle side strike to A with the right knife‐hand.

5. Execute an angle punch with the left fist while maintaining a sitting stance toward D.

6. Execute a pressing block with the left forefist while executing a side front block with the right inner forearm, maintaining a sitting stance toward D.

7. Execute a pressing block with the right forefist and a side front block with the left inner forearm while maintaining a sitting stance toward D.

8. Execute a middle wedging block with the inner forearm while maintaining a sitting stance toward D.

9. Thrust to C with the right back elbow supporting the right forefist with the left palm keeping the face as it was in 8 while maintaining a sitting stance towards D.

10. Execute a middle punch to D with the right fist slipping the left palm up to the right elbow joint while maintaining a sitting stance toward D.

11. Thrust to C with the left back elbow supporting the left forefist with right palm, keeping the face as it was in 10 while maintaining a sitting stance toward D.

12. Execute a right horizontal punch to A while maintaining a sitting stance toward D. Perform 6 through 12 in a continuous motion.

13. Cross the left foot over the right foot forming a right X‐stance toward D while executing a low front block to D with the right outer forearm and bringing the left finger belly on the right under forearm.

14. Move the right foot to A forming a left L‐stance toward A at the same time executing a U‐shape grasp to A.

15. Bring the left foot to the right foot forming a close stance toward D while executing a horizontal thrust with a twin elbow, turning the face toward B. Perform in slow motion.

16. Move the left foot to B to form a sitting stance toward D while executing a side back strike to C with the right back fist and extending the left arm to the side downward.

17. Cross the right foot over the left foot forming a left X‐stance toward D while executing a low front block with the left outer forearm and bringing the right finger belly to the left side fist.

18. Move the left foot to B to form a sitting stance toward D while executing a low guarding block to B with a reverse knife‐hand.

19. Execute a forearm middle guarding block to A while forming a left L‐ stance toward A pivoting with left foot.

20. Pull the left foot to the right knee joint to form a right one‐leg stance toward D, at the same time lifting both fists while turning the face toward B.

21. Execute a pressing kick to B with the left foot keeping the position of the hands as they were in 20.

22. Lower the left foot to B to form a sitting stance toward D while executing a middle side strike to B with the left knife‐hand.

23. Execute an angle punch with the right fist while maintaining a sitting stance toward D.

24. Execute a pressing block with the right, forefist while executing a side front block with the left inner forearm, maintaining a sitting stance toward D.

25. Execute a pressing block with the left forefist and a side front block with the right inner forearm while maintaining a sitting stance toward D.

26. Execute a middle wedging block with the inner forearm while maintaining a sitting stance toward D.

27. Thrust to C with the left back elbow supporting the left forefist with the right palm keeping the face as it was in 26 while maintaining a sitting stance towards D.

28. Execute a middle punch to D with the left fist slipping the right palm up to the left elbow joint while maintaining a sitting stance toward D.

29. Thrust to C with the right back elbow supporting the right forefist with left palm, keeping the face as it was in 28 while maintaining a sitting stance toward D.

30. Execute a left horizontal punch to B while maintaining a sitting stance toward D. Perform 24 through 30 in a continuous motion.

31. Cross the right foot over the left foot forming a left X‐stance toward D while executing a low front block to D with the left outer forearm and bringing the right finger belly on the left under forearm.

32. Move the left foot to B forming a right L‐stance toward B at the same time executing a U‐shape grasp to B.

33. Bring the right foot to the left foot forming a close stance toward D while executing a horizontal thrust with a twin elbow, turning the face toward A. Perform in slow motion.

34. Move the right foot to A to form a sitting stance toward D while executing a side back strike to C with the left back fist and extending the right arm to the side downward.

35. Cross the left foot over the right foot forming a right X‐stance toward D while executing a low front block with the right outer forearm and bringing the left finger belly to the right side fist.

36. Move the right foot to A to form a sitting stance toward D while executing a low guarding block to A with a reverse knife‐hand.

END: Bring the left foot back to a ready posture.

 

Member of the United Kingdom Tae Kwon-Do Association